Books Discussed at Skokie Public Library
... beginning in October 1966

It would be difficult to find a subject, a writing style, or a genre not covered in this wide-ranging list of books which have been discussed over the years by Skokie Public Library's book discussion group.


Go directly to authors beginning with a particular letter of the alphabet using the letter links above, or use your browser's Find command to locate a term anywhere within this book list.

Author Title Year discussed
Abbott, Edwin Flatland 1981
Abraham, Pearl The Romance Reader 2000
Achebe, Chinua Things Fall Apart 1993
Ackerman, Diane The Natural History of Senses 1994
Ackerman, Diane The Zookeeper's Wife 2009
Adams, Richard Watership Down 1976
Adams, Richard Adventures of a Curious Nature 1990
Agee, James A Death in the Family 1966
Albee, Edward A Delicate Balance 1974
Albee, Edward Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf 1967
Ali, Monica Brick Lane 2006
Allende, Isabel Eva Luna 1997
Allison, Dorothy Bastard Out of Carolina 1996
Alvarez, Julia In the Time of the Butterflies 2005
Amado, Jorge Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands 1982
Amis, Kingsley Lucky Jim 1973
Anderson, Sherwood Winesburg, Ohio 1997
Anderson-Dargatz, Gail A Recipe for Bees 2003
Angelou, Maya I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings 1972
Anshaw, Carol Aquamarine 1994
Atwood, Margaret The Blind Assassin 2004
Atwood, Margaret Cat's Eye 1998
Atwood, Margaret Handmaid's Tale 1987
Atwood, Margaret Surfacing 1976
Auel, Jean Clan of the Cave Bear 1983
Austen, Jane Emma 1986
Austen, Jane Persuasion 2004
Austen, Jane Pride and Prejudice 1974 & 1996
Axline, Virginia Dibs In Search of Self 1973
Author Title Year discussed
Baldwin, James Go Tell It on the Mountain 1968
Balzac, Honore de Cousin Bette 1976
Barnes, John Evita 1981
Barth, John Floating Opera 1974
Baxter, Charles The Feast of Love 2002
Beagle, Peter The Last Unicorn 1973
Beattie, Ann Picturing Will 1991
Beauvoir, Simone de Memoirs of a Dutiful Daughter 1987
Begley, Louis Wartime Lies 1992
Belfer, Lauren City of Light 2003
Bellow, Saul Adventures of Augie March 1996
Bellow, Saul Dangling Man 1969
Bellow, Saul Him With His Foot In His Mouth 1986
Bellow, Saul Humboldt's Gift 1977
Bellow, Saul Theft 1989
Berendt, John Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil 1999
Berg, Andrew Max Perkins, Editor of Genius 1980
Berger, Thomas Little Big Man 1972
Berryman, John Dream Songs 1977
Bettelheim, Bruno The Informed Heart 1973
Bettelheim, Bruno Uses of Enchantment 1977
Blixen, Karen Out of Africa 1977
Bloom, AlIan Closing of the American Mind 1988
Boll, Heinrich Lost Honor of Katherine Blum 1987
Bolt, Robert A Man for All Seasons 1968
Boswell, James Life of Johnson 1986
Bowen, Elizabeth Death of the Heart 1971
Brecht, Bertold Caucasian Chalk Circle 1998
Bronte, Charlotte Jane Eyre 1988
Bronte, Emily Wuthering Heights 1980
Brookner, Anita Hotel du Lac 1986 & 1998
Brookner, Anita Rules of Engagement 2010
Brooks, Geraldine March 2007
Brooks, Geraldine People of the Book 2009
Brooks, Geraldine Year of Wonders 2004
Bulgakov, Mikhail Master and Margarita 1992
Burns, Olive Ann Cold Sassy Tree 1991
Butler, Robert Olen Good Scent from a Strange Mountain 1994
Byatt, A.S. The Matisse Stories 2002
Author Title Year discussed
Camus, Albert The Plague 1970 & 2010
Camus, Albert The Stranger 1967
Carroll, Lewis Alice in Wonderland 1982
Carver, Raymond What We Talk About When We Talk About Love 1999
Cary, Joyce The Horse's Mouth 1975
Castaneda, Carlos Tales of Power 1976
Cather, Willa Sapphira and the Slave Girl 1982
Cather, Willa My Antonia 1998
Chapman, Fern Schumer Motherland: Beyond the Holocaust 2003
Cheever, John The Stories of John Cheever 1980
Chekhov, Anton The Seagull 1980
Chekhov, Anton Ward Number Six and Other Stories 2003
Chevalier, Tracy The Girl with a Pearl Earring 2001
Cheng, Nien Life and Death in Shanghai 1991
Chernin, Kim In My Mother's House 1990
Chopin, Kate The Awakening 1976
Clark, Arthur C. 2010 1985
Cleaver, Eldridge Soul on Ice 1969
Cliff, Michelle No Telephone to Heaven 2002
Colette Cheri and Last of Cheri 1976 & 2004
Collins, Wilkie Moonstone 1987
Colter, Cyrus Chocolate Soldier 1993
Connell, Evan Mr Bridge 1991
Connell, Evan Mrs Bridge 1991
Conrad, Joseph Heart of Darkness 1968 & 1999
Conrad, Joseph Lord Jim 1986
Cormier, Robert Chocolate War 1978
Cowan, Paul Orphan in History 1984
Crichton, Michael Rising Sun 1993
Crisp, Quentin Naked Civil Servant 1979
Cunningham, Michael The Hours 2001
Author Title Year discussed
Dai, Sijie Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress 2003
Danticat, Edwidge Breath, Eyes, Memory 2000
Dass, Baba Ram The Only Dance There Is 1974
Davies, Robertson What's Bred in the Bone 1992
de Bernieres, Louis Birds Without Wings 2006
de Bernieres, Louis Corelli's Mandolin 1999
Defoe, Daniel Robinson Crusoe 1978
DeLillo, Don White Noise 1986
Dershowitz, Alan Chutzpah 1993
DeVries, Peter Blood of the Lamb 1984
Diamond, Jared Collapse 2007
Diaz, Junot The Brief, Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao 2010
Dickey, James Poems: 1957-1967 1977
Dillard, Annie Pilgrim at Tinker Creek 1978
Dinesen, Isak Out of Africa 1986
Doctorow, E.L. Billy Bathgate 1991
Doctorow, E.L. Ragtime 1982
Doctorow, E.L. World's Fair 1987
Donvan, John Living in New York 1973
Dorris Michael Yellow Raft in Blue Water 1989 & 2008
Dostoyevsky, Fyodor The Idiot 1968
Dreiser, Theodore Sister Carrie 1999
Dyer, Wayne Your Erroneous Zones 1978
Author Title Year discussed
Ehrenreich, Barbara Nickel and Dimed 2005
Eiseley, Loren All the Strange Hours 1979
Eliot, George Mill on the Floss 1980
Ellison, Ralph Invisible Man 1966 & 1995
Emecheta, Buchi Second Class Citizen 2002
Emerson, Ralph W. Essays 1987
Enchi, Fumiko The Waiting Years 2005
Epstein, Joseph The Goldin Boys 1993
Erdrich, Louise Love Medicine 1997
Erdrich, Louise The Painted Drum 2007
Euripides Medea 1993
Author Title Year discussed
Farmer, Frances Will There Really Be a Morning? 1983
Faulkner, William As I Lay Dying 2006
Faulkner, William Light in August 1995
Faulkner, William A Rose for Miss Emily 1966
Faulkner, William The Sound and the Fury 1999
Fergus, Jim One Thousand White Women 2003
Ferris, Timothy Coming of Age in the Milky Way 1992
Feynman, Richard Surely You're Joking Mr Feynman 1990
Fitzgerald, F. Scott Babylon Revisited 1979
Fitzgerald, F. Scott The Great Gatsby 1967 & 2008
Fitzgerald, Penelope The Blue Flower 2003
Flaubert, Gustave Madame Bovary 1997
Forster, E.M. Room with a View 1987
Fowles, John French Lieutenant's Woman 1982
Franklin, Benjamin Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin 1990
Frazier, Charles Cold Mountain 2000
Fredriksson, Marianne Hanna's Daughters 2001
French, Marilyn The Women's Room 1979
Friedman, Myra Buried Alive 1974
Friedman, Thomas From Beirut to Jerusalem 1991
Friedman, Thomas The Lexus and the Olive Tree 2007
Frost, Robert Selected Poems 1967
Author Title Year discussed
Gage, Nicholas Eleni 1986
Gaines, Ernest The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman 1972
Galsworthy, John The Forsyte Saga 2007
Garcia-Marquez, Gabriel One Hundred Years of Solitude 1973
Gardner, John October Light 1980
Gary, Romain The Life Before Us 2006
Gibbons, Kaye Charms for the Easy Life 1997
Gibbons, Stella Cold Comfort Farm 1997
Gilbert, Michael Smallbone Deceased 1975
Glass, Julia Three Junes 2004
Gleick, James Chaos 1990
Godwin, Gail Odd Woman 1983
Goethe, Johann Sorrows of Young Werther 1981
Gogol, Nikolai Dead Souls 1970
Goldberg, Myla Bee Season 2002
Golden, Arthur Memoirs of a Geisha 2000
Goodman, Allegra The Family Markowitz 2001
Goodman, Paul Growing Up Absurd 1968
Goodwin, Doris Kearns Wait 'til Next Year 2001
Gordon, Mary Final Payments 1979
Grass, Gunter Cat and Mouse 1969
Gray, Simon Butley 1980
Greenberg, Joanne I Never Promised You a Rose Garden 1968
Greene, Graham End of the Affair 1966
Greene, Graham Heart of the Matter 1970
Greene, Graham The Power and the Glory 1996
Greene, Graham The Third Man 1975
Guest, Judith Ordinary People 1977
Guterson, David Snow Falling on Cedars 1996
Author Title Year discussed
Hailey, Elizabeth A Woman of Independent Means 1981
Hakakian, Roya Journey from the Land of No 2007
Hammett, Dashiell The Glass Key 1975
Hammett, Dashiell Maltese Falcon 1988
Hamill, Pete Snow in August 2002
Hamilton, Jane The Book of Ruth 1998
Hamilton, Jane Disobedience 2002
Hamsun, Knut Growth of the Soil 1981
Han Suyin 'Til Morning Comes 1986
Hardy, Thomas Jude the Obscure 1978
Hardy, Thomas Tess of the D'Urbervilles 1977
Hartley, L.P. The Go Between 1975
Hawthorne, Nathaniel Blithedale Romance 1980
Heinlein, Robert Stranger in a Strange Land 1974
Heller, Joseph Catch 22 1974
Hellman, Lillian Pentimento 1978
Hemingway, Ernest The Sun Also Rises 1967
Herlihy, James Midnight Cowboy 1969
Hesse, Herman Siddhartha 1972
Hood, Ann Somewhere off the Coast of Maine 1990
Horan, Nancy Loving Frank 2010
Hosseini, Khaled The Kite Runner 2005
Hughes, Richard High Wind in Jamaica 1968
Hurston, Zora Neale Their Eyes Were Watching God 1992
Huxley, Aldous Brave New World 1966
Author Title Year discussed
Ibsen, Henrik Hedda Gabler 1976
Irving, John Hotel New Hampshire 1983
Irving, John The World According to Garp 1979
Irving, Washington Sketch Book 1984
Ishiguro, Kazuo Remains of the Day 1991
Author Title Year discussed
James, Henry Short Stories 1981
James, Henry The Turn of the Screw 2004
James, Henry Washington Square 1978 & 1995
Jewett, Sarah Country of the Pointed Firs 1985
Jhabvala, Ruth Heat and Dust 1980
Jin, Ha Waiting 2001
Johnson, Steven Everything Bad is Good for You 2007
Joyce, Graham The Facts of Life 2009
Joyce, James Dubliners 1982
Joyce, James Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man 1970 & 2000
Author Title Year discussed
Kafka, Franz Metamorphosis and Other Stories 1999
Kawabata Thousand Cranes 1991
Kazantzakis, Nikos Zorba the Greek 1985
Kennedy, William Ironweed 1985
Kerouac, Jack On the Road 1986 & 1996
Kesey, Ken One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest 1972
Khadra, Yasmina The Attack 2007
Kidd, Sue Monk The Secret Life of Bees 2004
Kingsolver, Barbara Animal Dreams 1992
Kingsolver, Barbara The Poisonwood Bible 2001
Kingsolver, Barbara Small Wonder 2005
Kingston, Maxine Woman Warrior 1980
Knowles, John A Separate Peace 1967
Kohn, Rebecca The Gilded Chamber 2006
Kosinski, Jerzy Being There 1980
Kotlowitz, Alex Never a City So Real 2006
Kovic, Ron Born on the Fourth of July 1990
Kozol, Jonathan Rachel and Her Children 1989
Kundera, Milan Unbearable Lightness of Being 1989 & 1998
Author Title Year discussed
Lagerkvist, Par Barabbas 1968
Lahiri. Jhumpa The Namesake 2005
Lampedusa, Guisseppi Leopard 1987
Landvik, Lorna Patty Jane's House of Curl 2001
Langer, Adam Crossing California 2005
Lardner, Ring Haircut and Other Stories 1985
Larson, Erik Devil in the White City 2005
Lawrence, DH Sons and Lovers 1986
Laxness, Halldor Independent People 2002
Lee, Harper To Kill a Mockingbird 1994 & 2002
LeGuin Ursula The Left Hand of Darkness 1980
Lepore, Jill New York Burning 2007
Lessing, Doris Memoirs of a Survivor 1980
Levi, Primo Moments of Reprieve 1989
Lewis, C.S. Out of the Silent Planet 1976
Lewis, Sinclair Babbitt 1987
Lord, Bette Spring Moon 1985
Lowry, Malcolm Under the Volcano 1981
Luce, William Belle of Amherst 1988
Author Title Year discussed
MacDonald, Ross Far Side of the Dollar 1975
MacLaine Shirley Dancing in the Light 1987
Mahfouz, Naguib Palace Walk 1997
Mailer, Norman Armies of the Night 1970
Malamud, Bernard The Assistant 1999
Malamud, Bernard Dubin's Lives 1980
Malamud, Bernard The Natural 1985
Malcolm X Autobiography of Malcolm X 1971
Malouf, David Remembering Babylon 1996
Mann, Thomas Buddenbrooks 1979
Mann, Thomas Death in Venice 2005
Mansfield, Katherine Stories 1987
Mansfield, Katherine Bliss and Other Stories 1993
Markandava, Kamala Nectar in a Sieve 1973
Markham, Beryl West with the Night 1988
Masters, Edgar Lee Spoon River Anthology 1969
Martel, Yann Life of Pi 2004
Mauriac, Francois Viper's Tangle 1977
Maxwell, William So Long, See You Tomorrow 1981
McBride, James The Color of Water 1999
McCourt, Frank Angela's Ashes 2000
McCullers, Carson The Heart is a Lonely Hunter 1966 & 1995
McEwan, Ian Atonement 2003
McGinniss, Joe Fatal Vision 1984
McMurtry, Larry Terms of Endearment 1984
Melville, Herman Bartleby the Scrivener & the Encantadas 1991
Melville, Herman Confidence Man 1994
Mencken, HL Vintage Mencken 1981
Michaels, Anne Fugitive Pieces 2007
Miller, Sue Good Mother 1988
Miller, Walter Canticle for Leibowitz 1972
Millhauser, Steven Martin Dressler 1999
Min, Anchee Red Azalea 1998
Mishima, Yukio After the Banquet 1979
Mishima, Yukio Spring Snow 2001
Mishima, Yukio Temple of the Golden Pavilion
Momaday, N. Scott House Made of Dawn 1971
Montaigne Essays 1991
Moon, Wm Least Heat Blue Highways 1985
Moore, Brian Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne 1974
Moorehouse, Frank Room Service 1989
Morrison, Toni Song of Solomon 1982
Morrison, Toni Sula 1994
Munro, Alice Open Secrets: Stories 1996
Munro, HH Best of Saki 1978
Murdoch, Iris The Unicorn 1967
Author Title Year discussed
Nabokov, Vladimir Lolita 1995
Nafisi, Azar Reading Lolita in Tehran 2004
Nair, Anita Ladies Coupé 2008
Naisbitt, John Megatrends 2000 1991
Nin, Anais Diary of Anais Nin, v1, 1934-1939 1973
Nolan, Christopher Under the Eye of the Clock 1991
Author Title Year discussed
O'Connor, Flannery A Good Man is Hard to Find 1999
O'Neill, Nena and George Open Marriage 1973
O'Brien, Tim In the Lake of the Woods 1997
O'Casey, Sean Juno and the Paycock 1985
Oates, Joyce Carol Wheel of Love 1977
Obama, Barack Dreams from My Father 2010
Oe, Kenzaburo Personal Matter 1971
Oe, Kenzaburo Silent Cry 1996
Ondaatje, Michael The English Patient 1994
Orwell, George 1984 1984
Osbourne, John Luther 1983
Ozick, Cynthia The Puttermesser Papers 2000
Author Title Year discussed
Paley, Grace The Little Disturbances of Man 2008
Parker Dorothy Selected Short Stories 1969
Patchett, Ann Bel Canto 2005
Paton, Alan Cry, the Beloved Country 1970 & 2009
Percy, Walker Lancelot 1978
Perls, Frederick In and Out the Garbage Pail 1973
Petterson, Per Out Stealing Horses 2010
Philbrick, Nathaniel In the Heart of the Sea 2007
Plath, Sylvia Ariel 1976
Pogrebin, Letty Deborah, Golda and Me 1993
Poitier, Sidney The Measure of a Man 2007
Pomerance, Bernard Elephant Man 1980
Porter, Katherine Anne Noon Wine 1967
Porter, Katherine Anne Pale Horse, Pale Rider 1967
Power, Susan The Grass Dancer 2000
Powers, JF Morte D'Urban 1967
Price, Richard Samaritan 2010
Proulx, Annie The Shipping News 1995
Pym, Barbara Glass of Blessings 1983
Author Title Year discussed
Quindlen, Anna Living Out Loud 1997
Author Title Year discussed
Read, Piers Paul Alive 1976
Reeve, FD The Brother 1973
Reich, Charles The Greening of America 1971
Renault, Mary Last of the Wine 1971
Rhys, Jean Good Morning, Midnight 1975
Rhys, Jean Wide Sargasso Sea 2006
Rich, Adrienne Diving Into the Wreck 1976
Robinson, Marilynne Housekeeping 1996
Roiphe, Anne Loving Kindness 1989
Rolvaag, OE Giants in the Earth 1978
Rose, Louise The Launching of Barbara Fabrikant 1976
Rossner, Judith Looking for Mr Goodbar 1978
Roth, Philip American Pastoral 2000
Roth, Philip The Plot Against America 2006
Rushdie, Salman Midnight's Children 2003
Russell, Mary Doria Dreamers of the Day 2009
Russo, Richard Empire Falls 2003
Russo, Richard Straight Man 2006
Author Title Year discussed
Sagan, Carl Broca's Brain 1982
Saint Exupery, Antoine de The Little Prince 1975
Salinger, JD Catcher in the Rye 1992
Salzman, Mark Lost in Place 2004
Saramago, Jose All the Names 2002
Sarton, May Journal of a Solitude 1984
Sayers, Dorothy Five Red Herrings 1975
Schlink, Bernard The Reader 2000
Schreiber, Flora Sybil 1974
Scott, Paul The Jewel in the Crown 1985
See, Lisa Snow Flower & the Secret Fan 1976
Selvadurai, Shyam Cinnamon Gardens 2007
Sexton, Anne Selected Poems 1976
Shaffer, Peter Amadeus 1985
Shaffer, Peter Equus 1976
Shaw, G.B. Man and Superman 1979
Sheehy, Gail Passages 1977
Shelley, Mary Frankenstein 1995
Shields, Carol Stone Diaries 1996
Shulman, Alix Kates Memoirs of an Ex-Prom Queen 1973
Signoret, Simone Nostalgia Isn't What It Used to Be 1981
Silone, Ignazio Bread and Wine 2001
Singer, Bashevis Isaac Enemies, a Love Story 1990
Skinner, B.F. Walden Two 1970
Smiley, Jane A Thousand Acres 1993
Smiley, Jane Ordinary Love and Good Will 1993
Smith, Betty A Tree Grows in Brooklyn 2010
Smith, Hedrick The Russians 1978
Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr Cancer Ward 1975
Soyinka, Wole Ake, the Years of Childhood 1998
Spark, Muriel Memento Mori 1977
Spark, Muriel The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie 2007
Stegner, Wallace Angle of Repose 1989 & 2009
Steinbeck, John East of Eden 2004
Steinbeck, John Travels with Charley 1974
Steinem, Gloria Outrageous Acts and Everyday Rebellions 1985
Stendahl The Red and the Black 1989
Stoker, Bram Dracula 1979
Strachey, Lytton Eminent Victorians 1981
Strachey, Lytton Elizabeth and Essex 1995
Strout, Elizabeth Olive Kitteridge 2010
Stuart, Jesse The Thread that Runs So True 1981
Styron, William Lie Down in Darkness 1970
Styron, William Sophie's Choice 1981
Sussman, Susan Dieter 1990
Swift, Graham Last Orders 1998
Synge, John Playboy of the Western World 1975
Author Title Year discussed
Tan, Amy The Joy Luck Club 1991
Tannen, Deborah You Just Don't Understand
Tartt, Donna The Little Friend 2005
Taylor, Peter Summons to Memphis 1988
Terkel, Studs The Good War 1986
Tey, Josephine A Daughter of Time 1997
Theroux, Paul Dark Star Safari 2006
Theroux, Paul Mosquito Coast 1987
Thoreau, Henry David Walden and Civil Disobedience 1969
Thirkell, Angela Love Among the Ruins 1973
Thurber, James Selected Writings 1971
Tolan, Sandy The Lemon Tree 2010
Tolstoy, Leo The Death of Ivan Ilych 1968 & 2009
Tomasi di Lampedusa, Giuseppe The Leopard 2009
Trevor, William Two Lives: Reading Turgenev & My House in Umbria 2000
Trollope, Anthony The Warden 1977
Trollope, Anthony Ralph the Heir 1990
Tsukiyama, Gail The Samurai's Garden 2003
Turgenev, Ivan Fathers and Sons 1972
Turgenev, Ivan Spring Torrents 1983
Turnbull, Colin The Mountain People 1977
Turow, Scott Ordinary Heroes 2007
Turow, Scott Presumed Innocent 1988
Twain, Mark Adventures of Huckleberry Finn 1993
Twain, Mark Innocents Abroad 1980
Tyler, Anne Accidental Tourist 1989
Tyler, Anne Breathing Lessons 1995
Tyler, Anne Digging to America 2009
Tyler, Anne Dinner at the Homesick Restaurant 1983
Author Title Year discussed
Umrigar, Thrity Bombay Time 2006
Updike, John Rabbit is Rich 1983
Updike, John Roger's Version 1990
Author Title Year discussed
Vijayaraghavan, Vineeta Motherland 2010
Viorst, Judith Necessary Losses 1988
Vonnegut, Kurt God Bless You, Mr Rosewater 1972
Vonnegut, Kurt Slaughterhouse Five 1976
Vreeland, Susan The Passion of Artemesia 2010
Author Title Year discussed
Walker, Alice The Color Purple 1984
Walton, Evangeline Children of Llyr 1976
Watson, Larry Montana 1948 1995
Waugh, Evelyn Brideshead Revisited 1982
Welson, Faye Hearts and Lives of Men 1992
Welty, Eudora The Optimist's Daughter 2002
Welty, Eudora Short Stories 2009
West, Nathaniel Day of the Locust 1975
West, Nathaniel Miss Lonely Hearts 1966
Westheimer, David My Sweet Charlie 1975
Wharton, Edith House of Mirth 1982 & 2001
Wharton, Edith The Age of Innocence 1994
White, Bailey Sleeping at the Starlight Motel 1997
White, E.B. Charlotte's Web 1973
Wiesel, Elie Gates of the Forest 1974
Wilde, Oscar Selected Plays 1982
Wilder, Thornton Bridge of San Luis Rey 1966
Williams, Tennessee A Streetcar Named Desire 1976
Wolfe, Tom Bonfire of the Vanities 1989
Wolfe, Tom The Right Stuff 1982
Woolf, Virginia A Room of One's Own 1974
Woolf, Virginia To the Lighthouse 1995
Author Title Year discussed
Yanez, Augustin Edge of the Storm 1988
Author Title Year discussed
Zamyatin, Yevgeny We 1989
Zola, Emile Nana 1979